12 Common Waterborne Diseases Causes You Need to be Aware of

Water is certainly the source of life. But with the potentiality to harbor infectious-germs that can cause the dangerous effect to the human body, one has to take the careful precautions to determine when the water is supplied through the tap is safe to drink and when it’s not. If you want to protect your family and loved ones from the diseases caused through unsafe water, having a water purifier like RO and UV is must that can eradicate the 99% of such infectious contaminants and make it safe to drink.

According to “The World Health Organization (WHO)”, every year, more than 3.4 million people die from the water-borne diseases, which itself makes the brutal cause of diseases and death in the world.

The pathogens available in the contaminant water are invisible to the human eyes and are responsible for the various form of diseases like bacteria, viruses, and protozoa to count a few.

Henceforth, in this article, we will cover 12 most common waterborne diseases, their symptoms, precautions, and causes.

12-Common-Waterborne-Diseases -Infographics

1. Typhoid Fever

About the disease:
Typhoid fever caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. S. Typhi can be a life-threatening disease. It is the same type of bacteria found in the types of eggs and chicken and is also commonly known as food poisoning or salmonella poisoning. It is the most common type of bacteria found in the developing world. A person suffering from typhoid can transfer harmful bacteria in their bloodstream and the intestinal tract.

Causes:
Typhoid could be caused by consuming the food and water that have been infected with the disease. Also, it may transfer to food and water while cooking.

Symptoms:
Patients suffering from typhoid have a continuous fever as high as 103° to 104° F (39° to 40° C). You may feel weakness, headache, loss of appetite and stomach pains. Other symptoms include the rashes across also called as the red spots. For the proper diagnosis, you should get the samples of stool or blood tested by the doctor.

Precautions:
Use soapy or hot water to wash hands, avoid drinking contaminated and untreated water. Use a high-quality water purifier which can remove the available germs from the water, eat raw fruits and vegetables.

 

2. Cholera

About the Disease:
Cholera is an acute diarrheal illness that is widely caused by the infection of the intestine with bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It’s a severe water-borne disease which is caused by the bacterium Vibrio chohlera, typically abstained by consuming dirty water. If not treated on time, it can also cause death in some rare cases.

Causes:
The disease gets transmitted through the ingestion of feces poorly polluted with the bacterium. When the untreated water goes through the sewage into the waterways, it affects the domestic water supply and also the foods washed by it. However, the person to person transmission is rarely found.

Symptoms:
There are various types of symptoms cholera patients can experience such as the general GI tract upset, like profuse diarrhea, vomiting (it may sustain for 1 hour in severe cases), nausea, and dehydration.

Precautions:
Drink and use safe filtered water, wash your hands often with the soap. Cook your food well, especially the non-veg. Places where the family baths and washes clothes should be neat and clean.

 

3. Hepatitis A

About the disease:

Hepatitis A is a liver-related disease and is caused by the virus hepatitis A virus (HAV) which impact anyone. It is often found in the stool of the patient with Hepatitis A and can drastically outspread from person to person. The virus gets easily transmitted at the places having poor sanitary conditions or where the hygiene factors are not taken into consideration. If a person affected with Hepatitis A, he/she can affect rest people living in the same home.

Causes:

The major cause of source of this disease gets polluted with the feces from the infected humans, the virus gets quickly spread in the water, and can enter through various mediums such as the broken sewage systems and sewage overflows.

Symptoms:
The most common issues are jaundice or the yellowness of the skin, eyes, and dark yellowish urine, fatigue loss of appetite, fever, stomach pain and nausea.

Precautions:
First thing first, if there are people around you affected by the hepatitis A, keep a distance to them. And follow good hygiene practices especially while washing your hands. Drink and use clean water in cooking.

 

4. Hepatitis E

About the disease:
Hepatitis E virus is a real cause of the disease which can be largely spared by the uses of drinking contaminated water. It is widely found in the countries where human waste is allowed to throw into the rivers and ponds, without being purified. The regular consumption of polluted water leads to develop epidemics.

Causes:

Similar to other above diseases, the real cause of Hepatitis E is also the contaminated drinking water, hygiene issues and the regular intake of dirty food.

Symptoms:
The typical symptoms of Hepatitis E include the dark urine, pale stools, jaundice that leads to the yellow discoloration of the skin and the sclera of the eyes, anorexia (the loss of appetite) hepatomegaly (tender liver), and an acute illness that damages liver cells, and sometimes might also cause the death.

Precaution: Don’t consume the contaminated water or street food cooked in unhealthy oil, avoid eating under-cooked meat, and wash your hands with the water and soap after using a bathroom or toilets.

 

5. Traveler’s Diarrhea

About the Disease:
Sometimes also known as Aztec Two-Step, Montezuma’s Revenge, Turista Traveler’s Diarrhea is the most common waterborne disease that widely affects the travelers. Every year around twenty to fifty percent of international travelers (approx 10 million persons) who travel to the different countries get affected to this disease after returning their home.

Traveler’s Diarrhea generally occurs within the first week but might also occur any time during travel and even after returning from the home. There is a high risk of determinant destinations in Asian Countries where the attack rates are for the men and women both while the primary source of infection is indigestion of the severely pestiferous water and food.

Causes:

80% of the Traveler’s Diarrhea is caused by bacterial enteropathogens. Apart from the coli and other types of bacterial pathogens, there are a variety of other parasitic and viral enteric pathogens that are also the real cause of causative agents.

Symptoms
Generally, most of the Traveler’s Diarrhea begin abruptly whereas the travelers experience four to five water bowel movement each day. Other common symptoms are abdominal cramping, fever, bloating, vomiting, diarrhea, and malaise. But the good side is that it’s not a life-threatening disease and one can recover from it within 1 week or maximum 1 month.

Precautions:
One can manage the traveler’s diarrhea by avoiding contaminated food and drinks. If the problem still continues, make sure to take the effective medical treatment which is usually the combination of antimotility and antibiotic.

 

6. Giardia and Cryptosporidium

About the disease:
Giardia and Cryptosporidium are the microscopic organisms or cysts that could be found in the water body. The availability of Giardia in the water causes an intestinal illness which is medically called as the giardiasis or sometimes is also referred to as “beaver fever”. It’s the most common sort of waterborne disease found in both drinking as well as recreational water. On the other hand, Cryptosporidium leads to a similar type of illness called cryptosporidiosis.

Causes:
The drinking water gets contaminated while the parasites are mixed or get flushed into the water. If the right treatment is not taken, the blend of harmful parasites can lead to severe illness. A lot of communities claim that the giardiasis is closely linked to drinking normal municipal water contaminated with Giardia.

Symptoms:
Regular weight loss, abdominal cramps, malaise, and Diarrhea are the most common symptoms of Giardia. Besides, chills, headache, fever and committing may also occur. One can experience these symptoms six to sixteen days after the initial contact and can continue for around one month. The symptoms of cryptosporidiosis are also similar such as nausea, headaches, abdominal cramps etc. These symptoms may occur within two to 25 days and can last up to 15 days, while in some critical cases, it may persist for up to a month.

Precautions:
One can get in touch with Giardiasis by using contaminated recreational water which mostly includes the swimming pools. So try to avoid swimming while suffering from diarrhea, or take a shower before and after swimming. Also avoid gulping the recreational water, wash your hands before using the toilet or changing diapers.

 

7. Dysentery

About the Disease:
Dysentery refers to any case of infectious bloody diarrhea and is also known as the bloody flux, flux, travelers dysentery and Montezuma Revenge. This mostly affects the people living in developing areas like India where they have improper sanitation. It indicates to the response of the body to an unwanted visitor in the digestive system.

Causes:
The most common causes of Dysentery is the Entamoeba histolytica and a number of other bacteria including the shigella bacteria and E. histolytica which often thrives in the food and water polluted by the human feces. As far as the Amoebic dysentery is considered, it’s usually transmitted by the polluted water.

Symptoms:
People afflicted with the disease often suffer from bloody diarrhea along with the intense fever, stomach pain, and rapid weight loss. Besides, it may also cause diminutive stools mixed with the mucus and blood, among all cramps are the most common symptoms. Sometimes, infected individuals may also experience a painful strain.

Precautions:
The very first thing you can do to avoid Dysentery is to use germs free water. Secondly, always wash your hands before using the toilet. And avoid shaking hands with the people suffering from the Dysentery.

 

8. Salmonella

About the Disease:
Salmonellosis is an infection caused by the bacteria termed as Salmonella which is better-known to cause the health illness. There are various types of Salmonella bacteria spread through human or animal feces. The drinking water can also be contaminated while the wild domestic animals who leave their droppings in or near water surfaces such as rivers, lakes, ponds, streams etc.

Causes:
Salmonella virus can be found in water contaminated with the feces of infected animals or humans. The harmful waste can be mixed in the water through various mediums including polluted storm water runoff, agricultural runoff etc. Other types of common infections may occur through under-cooked poultry, eggs and other sorts of contaminated water and food.

Symptoms:
The most common symptoms of salmonellosis include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps. In the case of infants, dehydration can also occur. Sometimes individuals can also be infected without showing symptoms, and can automatically recover within 6-7 days.

Precaution:
Family members who are suffering from salmonellosis should avoid cooking food at home and avoid swimming. Avoid buying dirty or contaminated food. Also unpasteurized should also be avoided.

9. Campylobacter

About the disease:
In humans, Campylobacters are the bacteria that are a leading cause of diarrhea infused illness. They are regarded as the most generic bacterial cause of gastroenteritis globally. The disease is widely caused by the presence of campylobacters viruses. In most developing countries, the presence of Campylobacter infections is fatigue increasing. They are broadly prevalent in food animals such as cattle, pigs, poultry, shellfish, and ostriches.

Causes:
Campylobacter can transmit into your system if you use under-cooked food derived from the poultry. The bacteria are widely present in animals such as poultry and cattle. Apart from that, unpasteurized milk can also contain Campylobacter bacteria. It spreads more quickly in the isolated cases whereas, in the developing countries, it can be found in the water and sewage.

Symptoms:
The effect of the campylobacter virus usually lasts up to a week. The most common symptoms of the disease is diarrhea, also the stool might also have the presence of blood in it that might sicken your stomach and make you vomit. Other signs include bloating, fever, and belly cramps.

Precaution:
In order to avoid the effect of the respective virus, you should cook the poultry to least 165 F. Also avoid eating pink meat, it has to be white and never add the under-cooked chicken in your meal. For further safety, drink clean purified water, wash your hands properly with soap and water after using a toilet or bathrooms.

10. Legionellosis

About the Disease:
Often referred as the form of pneumonia, Legionnaires is a lung inflammation which is usually caused by the infection. But the good news is that, this disease doesn’t spread from person to person contact. Most people get affected by the diseases by inhaling the water droplets from the contaminated water. The most common victims of this disease are the smokers, adults and those who have weakened immune systems.

Causes:
It’s widely caused by a bacterium medically known as Legionella which mostly survives in soil and contaminated water. Legionella bacterial can twofold in all sorts of water systems like hot tubs, air conditioners and the mist sprayers available in grocery store produce departments. Also, inhabitants may also get effected these diseases from the home plumbing systems by the outbreaks usually occurred in large buildings.

Symptoms:
Legionellosis develops in 2 to 10 days after its exposure to Legionella bacteria and can frequently release the symptoms like- chills, muscle pain, headache, and the fever (104 F (40 C) or higher).

Precautions:
Infection spread by Legionellosis is can be prevented. All you have to do is just the meticulous cleaning and disinfection of water, pools and spas.

11. Botulism

About the disease:

Botulism is a fatal illness which is usually caused by the botulinum toxins. If not treated on time, it can also cause paralysis that often starts with the face and can spread to limbs. If, in any case it reaches to the breathing muscles, it can result into wicked respiratory failure. There are different types of botulism such as- Wound botulism, Infant botulism, Latrogenic botulism and Adult intestinal colonization.

Causes:

It’s basically a botulinum toxin, a poison produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum and usually exists in the untreated water and soil. Even the minimal consumption of toxins can cause terrible poisoning.

Symptoms:
Some signs and symptoms may include- respiratory difficulties, slow or improper reflexes, floppiness and poor muscle tone, no gag reflex, constipation, poor feeding, a bad temper, excessive drooling when feeding, sagging eyelids, flat facial expression, weak crying weakly, unfocused eyes, weak sucking.

Precaution:
In order to reduce the risk of Botulism, one needs to follow the good practice of food hygiene. Avoid canning food at home, wash vegetables and fruits with filtered water, boil home processed food for at least 10 minutes, ensure all foods are well cooked, and drink clean water.

12. Vibrio Illness

About the disease:
Produced by the Vibrio bacteria, also known as the Vibrosis, Vibrio habitats in the coastal water. There are around 12 species of vibrio that can cause gastrointestinal illness (gastroenteritis) in humans. They are usually find in the months between May – October when the weather is warmer.

Causes:
The real cause of the vibrio illness it the habit of eating undercooked food, mostly cooked in the untreated water. While the open would is exposed to the salty water, vibrio can also cause severe skin infection.

Symptoms:
When ingested, the vibrio virus can also cause watery diarrhea that may result in painful abdominal cramping, vomiting, nausea, fever and chills. Such symptoms might occur within 24 hours of ingestion.

Precautions:
All you can do to stay away to such virus is just use filtered water and eat well cooked vegetables. Once you see the sign of Vibrio, do consult a good doctor for further prevention.

To wrap it up in a nutshell, it is pivotal to have a clean, hygienic water supply system in the house, which ensures that you and your family get clean water 24*7. Water borne diseases may be quick to creep into our homes, but can be avoided with the help of some precautionary measures such as boiling water, disinfecting the house, especially the kitchen and bathroom area, and properly disposing off sewage waste so that it does not accumulate and become a breeding ground for viruses and bacteria. Also, Installing a water purifier that will take care of your daily water needs, while preventing you from water borne diseases. Get one today, and live a clean, disease free life.

Disclaimer:- The opinions expressed within this article/blog are the personal opinions of the author. The facts and opinions appearing in the article do not reflect the views of the Brand Moonbow and Moonbow does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.

LEAVE A COMMENT


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

© moonbowliving 2018 | All Rights Reserved